Glossary

Editors’ Note: This Glossary is a work in progress.  The items included here will be amended, expanded and clarified in future issues and we invite readers to submit suggestions for terms to be incorporated into the list. When doing so, we ask contributors to provide a source for the definition provided.

 

B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z

B

Blog 

A type of website usually maintained by an individual and updated regularly, rather like a diary, with commentary on a range of issues from news to personal events. The word blog is a blend of the words web and log.

C

Copy editing (also written copyediting)

The editorial process aimed at rendering text error-free and flowing, making the text as clear, coherent, cogent, and consistent as possible.

D

Digitization

Conversion of data or text from print to a digital form allowing it to be processed by a computer. 

 

DOI (Digital Object Identifier)

A system for identifying websites and other digital material: the digital equivalent of the ISBN system.

E

Englishes

A term used to acknowledge that all varieties of English are valid means of communication and deserve recognition (See Barbara Seidhofer, English as a Lingua Franca).

H

Hyperlink

A link from one place to another within a document, or to another

document or website, activated by clicking on a highlighted word or image.

Hypertext

Hypertext denotes an information medium that links verbal and nonverbal media “(Landow 2006).

I

Impact factor

A tool for ranking an academic journal by measuring the number of times its articles are cited within a particular time period.

ISBN (International Standard Book Number)

A 13-digit-long number used to uniquely identify the title of a book; assigned to publishers and self-publishers.

L

Language corpus (for an example see Corpus)

A selected body of authentic written and/or spoken texts stored in a

computer and available for language research.

N

New publishing

Publishing which consists of both traditional format (print) and digital media and involves changes in author-agent-publisher-bookseller relations.

P

PDF (Portable Digital Format)

A file format created by Adobe Systems enabling the “capturing and reviewing [of] rich information from almost any application on any computer system and sharing it with virtually anyone, anywhere” (Adobe PDF history).

 

Print on demand

The printing of small numbers of texts as individual orders are received.  This has been enabled by the advancement of digital printing.

R

Register

“A variety of a language or a level of usage, as determined by degree of formality and choice of vocabulary, pronunciation, and syntax, according to the communicative purpose, social context, and standing of the user”(Oxford Online Dictionary).

S

Self-publishing

The publishing of a text, usually at the author’s expense, without the intervention of a publisher.

Style guide

A set of standards provided to regulate all details concerning the writing and presentation of a text. Style guides vary from in-house manuals to the widely accepted The Chicago Manual of Style and APA.

U

URL (Uniform Resource Locator)

The URL is a widely used mechanism for accessing pages on the Internet. It begins with “http://” and contains specific information about the website. When embedded in a text, a URL is also known as a link or hyperlink.

W

Web

The linking of groups of documents that share some connection to a

theme, subject, or discipline.  Not to be confused with “The World Wide

Web” (Landow 2006).

 

Sources of Definitions:

Chambers Online Dictionary. http://www.chambersharrap.co.uk/chambers/ 

     features/ chref/chref.py/main.

Landow, George P. 2006. Hypertext 3.0, Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins

University Press.

Oxford Online Dictionary. http://oxforddictionaries.com/.

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